Po Cha Tea Recipe

Try this mild black tea — traditionally made with yak’s milk butter — a staple of the people of the Himalayan region.

| May 2019


In the Himalayan region of India, Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan, butter tea is to the locals what espresso is to southern Europeans. Habitual and sustaining, locals sip it from bowls every morning and whenever guests arrive. In the mountain yak herding communities, the nomads drink it virtually all day. Made traditionally with a particular “brick” tea from the Sichuan region, the brewed mixture is blended with salt and butter (typically made from the milk of dri — the female yak — and usually rancid), giving it a taste that most tourists can only endure. My own experience of drinking butter tea in Bhutan, however, was genuinely pleasant. It wasn’t the assault on my palate I’d expected after reading various travel blogs but rather was mild tasting and well blended. There was no slick of melted butter, though the tea was opaque and almost purplish in color. (At least one other westerner — Dave Asprey — had the same good experience of butter tea; after a hiking trip to Tibet, he was inspired in 2009 to create the now-trendy energy drink known as bulletproof coffee, made by mixing coffee, grass-fed butter, and a medium-chain triglyceride oil.)

The traditional way of making po cha (Tibetan) or su ja (Bhutanese) is to simmer loose tea leaves in water for several hours, achieving a dark strong brew. It is then strained and poured into a small cylindrical churn with fresh yak butter and salt, which is used to blend the mixture. In the mountain hut where I first had butter tea, the process was even simpler: a pot of steeped tea was kept warm on the fire. When my host served me, he added a little butter and salt to a bowlful of the tea and then rubbed the handle of a small whisk back and forth in his palms to froth the mixture.

Today, the tea churn has been mostly replaced with blenders. Tea bags and cow’s-milk butter are other modern substitutions, as is adding a little milk powder, if desired. In making butter tea, the strength of the brew is up to you.


  • 1 quart (4 cups) water
  • 2 tea bags (black tea)
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon milk powder (optional)
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter


  1. Heat the water to a boil in a 2-quart pot. Remove from heat, add the tea, and let steep at least 3 minutes — longer if you like strong tea.
  2. Remove the tea bags and add the salt to the tea. Add the milk powder, if desired. Pour the tea into a blender, add the butter and blend for about 2 minutes until very frothy and well mixed. Serve immediately.

butter-rich-historyButter, the delectable kitchen staple so often taken for granted, is more than a stick tucked in your fridge door. It’s a culinary catalyst, an agent of change, a gastronomic rock star. From its accidental invention in a shepherd’s pouch to its ubiquitous presence in the world’ most exquisite cuisines, butter reigns supreme. Now, it finally gets its due. Food writer Elaine Khosrova traveled across the glove to seek out butter’s complete story and most essential recipes, including this recipe for po cha, or Tibetan butter tea.

Reprinted with permission from Butter: A Rich History by Elaine Khosrova and published by Algonquin Books, 2017.



Learn at Home!

Register now to get access to ALL current video workshops and prerecorded webinars plus anything new that we add through the end of 2020.


Become a Fermentation Member Today!


Discover how EASY and HEALTHY crafting your own money-saving fermented masterpieces can be. 

Transform mealtimes like never before and stay healthy at the same time with a one-year membership to Fermentation for only $29.95. Learn to regularly include fermented food and drinks in your diet naturally, combat bad bacteria and strengthen your immune system.

Fermentation will open up your world to the foods you can eat to improve your health. You'll learn how to make them, how they originated and what tools and ingredients you'll need to create your own delicious fermented foods and drinks. Become a member today and save as much as 25% off the newsstand price!

Facebook Pinterest Instagram YouTube Twitter